Archive for March, 2016

Eco-tourism is a type responsible travel which not only conserves the natural environment of the destination, but also the local culture of the people that live there. Ecotourism not only educates the tourist, but also provides much needed funds for ecological and cultural conservation. Ecotourism essentially involves travel excursions to destinations where flora, fauna, and cultural heritage are the main attraction. (negative and positive effects of eco tourism, 2016)

A positive impact of eco-tourism is the preservation of endangered wildlife. It achieves this by using funds generated from tourists to run breeding programmes and keep endangered animals safe from predators and other threats. One example of this is Orokanui Eco Sanctuary in Dunedin New Zealand. The sanctuary protects the endangered native bird life by surrounding the sanctuary’s 307 hectares of bush with fencing and by using pest control measures, ensuring that the sanctuary is kept predator free. This is also an example of ethical tourism, as the sanctuary follows safe breeding practises allowing the wildlife to thrive in their own natural environment, and you are viewing the wildlife in their natural habitat not a zoo enclosure. (The Orokanui Story, 2016)

Another positive impact from eco-tourism is the preservation of heritage cultural sites. The funds generated from tourists who visit these sites goes into the preservation, up keep, and educating tourists about these sites.  This is important as it keeps local heritage in place for future generations. It is also ethical “to respect and enhance the historic heritage, authentic culture, traditions, and distinctiveness of host communities.” (Ethical Travel Guide, n.d.) An example of this is York Minster in Yorkshire, United Kingdom. The cathedral is the largest in northern Europe and construction was finished in the year 1408.  100% of the entry fee that you pay directly goes to support the future and maintenance of this historical landmark, for current and future projects. (History and Conservation, 2016)

The preservation of the natural environment is another positive impact of eco-tourism. The natural environment can often be under threat from tourism due to pollution, littering and overuse of areas. But tourism can also have a positive impact by tourists contributing to preserving natural environments. For example, one tour operator named Discovery Initiatives, which is also a member of Tour Operators Initiative For Sustainable Tourism Development, makes an annual donation towards the orangutan foundation worth $45,000 (US) The money is generated by Discovery Initiatives tour groups, made up of people who visit the Tanjing Putting National Park in Central Kalimantan. The park is under threat by deforestation and river pollution. The revenue directly funds the park staff, rangers and rehabilitation for young orangutans, and provides most of the financial support for saving this national park. (Tourism And Enviromental Conservation, n.d.)



Ethical Travel Guide. (n.d.). Retrieved from Tourismconcern.org.uk: https://www.tourismconcern.org.uk/ethical-travel-guide/

History and Conservation. (2016). Retrieved from yorkminster.org: https://yorkminster.org/history-and-conservation.html

negative and positive effects of eco tourism. (2016). Retrieved from canidoit.org: http://canidoit.org/negative-and-positive-effects-of-ecotourism

The Orokanui Story. (2016). Retrieved from Orokanui.org: http://orokonui.nz/About/The-Orokonui-Story

Tourism And Enviromental Conservation. (n.d.). Retrieved from unep.org: http://www.unep.org/resourceefficiency/Business/SectoralActivities/Tourism/FactsandFiguresaboutTourism/ImpactsofTourism/EnvironmentalImpacts/TourismandEnvironmentalConservation/tabid/78779/Default.aspx






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Eco Tourism

Positive Impacts of Eco Tourism at Orana Park
Set in 80 hectares within 15 minutes’ drive of Christchurch Airport, Orana Wildlife Park provides the ultimate animal adventure. We get you up close and personal with the animals and is also home to many different animals, orana is internationally renowned for its involvement in zoo-based breeding programmes for endangered exotic and native species. (Orana Wildlife Park, n.d.)
Orana Park takes the well-being of their animals, to ensure that all their animals are taken care of orana wildlife trust is dedicated to environmental preservation and conservation of endangered species through involvement in zoo-based breeding programmes. (Orana Wildlife Park, n.d.)
There are many positive impacts around eco-tourism at Orana Park but to pick out a far which be:
Their Breeding Programme
How their Recycle
Well-being of animals
Positive Impact number one their breeding programme of endangered species and stopping them from becoming extinct, this is a positive impact because Orana Park is keeping the few almost extinct animals from being extinct by breeding them and keeping them out of harm’s way in the orana park wildlife reserve. Examples of species successfully bred at Orana, as part of a captive breeding programme, include: NZ brown teal, blue duck and kiwi as well as exotic species such as giraffe, southern white rhinoceros, cheetah, scimitar-horned oryx and spider monkeys. (Orana Wildlife Park, n.d.)
Positive impact number two how they recycle The Park’s recycling programme aims to reduce solid waste dumped in landfill sites and educate visitors about the benefits of recycling. In addition, most hoof stock faucal matter is provided to the local Zoo Doo Company (located on-site) who turn it into fine blend compost. By reducing waste, Orana is minimizing the negative effects of landfill sites (such as methane gas). (Orana Wildlife Park, n.d.)
Positive impact number three is the well-being of their animals the staff take very good care of the animals at Orana Park and ensure that they get the right care they need by making sure that they are being given the right foods for their diets and that they are getting the best care they can get by regular checks on each animal every day. (Orana Wildlife Park, n.d.)
(n.d.). Retrieved from Orana Wildlife Park: http://www.oranawildlifepark.co.nz/
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.oranaWildlife Park: http://www.oranawildlifepark.co.nz/conservation/
(n.d.). Retrieved from Orana Wildlife Park: http://www.oranawildlifepark.co.nz/conservation/
(n.d.). Retrieved from Orana Wildlife Park: http://www.oranawildlifepark.co.nz/conservation/
(n.d.). Retrieved from Orana Wildlife Park: http://www.oranawildlifepark.co.nz/conservation/sustainable-use-of-resource

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Eco Tourism                                                                                                        Claudia Aitken

Eco Tourism is about uniting conservation, communities, and sustainable travel, this means that those who implement, participate in and market eco tourism activities should adopt the following practises.

– Minimize physical, social, behavioural and psychological impacts

(Ecotourism.org, 2014)


Potential positive impacts of eco tourism

There are many different kinds of positive impacts on eco tourism some of them could be the chance for a country to reduce it’s level of poverty, or a way of looking forward, Many people are easily put off by the extra deforestation and development. Eco tourism shows the locals and the government that land can be re claimed and is worth conserving for generations to come. Another potential positive impact of Eco tourism is that it can generate money for the local economy from the surrounding natural landscape.

(benefits of eco tourism, 2016)


3 positive impacts

– Eco tourism generates money from the surrounding natural enviroment by encouraging tourists to visit, pay for entrance fee’s and pay for any extras during their stay (http://traveltips.usatoday.com/, n.d). This impact not only contributes towards eco tourism but also ethical tourism, because if we use the Orokonui Eco sanctuary as an example, they have 307 hectare of coastal Otago forest and rare endangerd species all enclosed inside a predator fence that is helping to protect the flora and fauna, this shows us Eco tourism but the Eco sanctuary also shows us a side of ethical tourism, this is all about getting the balance right between the environment, people and economy. When you go on a tour, you have to walk on a guided path and the animals are allowed to roam free around you, so their welfare isn’t jeoperdised. Orokonui eco sanctuary generate their money through people having to pay admission costs, cafes and gift shops on their premises. (orokonui.nz, n.d)


– Preservation of local culture, this positive impact contributes towards not only eco tourism but also ethical tourism because if we use the museum at the treaty of Waitangi grounds in the Bay Of Islands, they are keeping the local past and present cultural heritage alive for visitors that are coming from far and wide, the museum also has a visitors centre where you can watch audio visual about the story of Waitangi and surrounding areas, there is also live cultural performances. So far as tourists are concerned, the ethical issue is simply not one of whether, there are limits to which the degree of reality can be negotiated, but to get a message across to the tourists about the original treaty of Waitangi (Smith & Duffy, 2003)



– Preservation of the surrounding environment, this positive impact has an effect on eco tourism and ethical tourism by using Nimmo bay resort, in British Colombia, as an example, this resort is built to protect the surrounding natural forest and wildlife habitat because they have maintained an eco friendly approach from the beginning. Nimmo bay also contributes towards ethical tourism as they have got a variety of different cultural and mixed activities on offer for their guests, that don’t involve negative ethical issues and lets the tourists emerse themselves in the culture of the first nations people.

(Nimmobay.com, n.d)




(2012). Retrieved from http://canidoit.org/negative-and-positive-effects-of-ecotourism

Article on Positive and Negative impacts of Eco-tourism in India – General Knowledge Today. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.gktoday.in/blog/eco-tourism-in-india/

Benefits of ecotourism. (2016). Retrieved from http://greenliving.lovetoknow.com/Benefits_of_Ecotourism

The International Ecotourism Society | Uniting Conservation, Communities, and Sustainable Travel. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.ecotourism.org/

Nimmo Bay Resort – Luxury Travel Accommodations BC Canada. (2016). Retrieved from http://nimmobay.com/

Orokonui Ecosanctuary. (2016). Retrieved from http://orokonui.nz/

Positive & Negative Effects of Ecotourism | USA Today. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://traveltips.usatoday.com/positive-negative-effects-ecotourism-63682.html

Power of Place: A Cultural Adventure – Travel Accommodations All Inclusive Resort British Columbia, Canada. (2016). Retrieved from http://nimmobay.com/packages/power-of-place/

Smith, M., & Duffy, R. (2003). The ethics of tourism development. London, England: Routledge.



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Eco Tourism

Ecotourism typically involves travel to destinations where flora, fauna, and cultural heritage are the primary attractions. Ecotourism is intended to offer tourists insight into the impact of human beings on the environment, and to foster a greater appreciation of our natural habitats.


Some of the positive impacts Eco tourism has:

  1. Promotion of recycling, energy efficiency, water conservation and creation of economic opportunities for local communities. The intended outcome is that participation will not only enhance the awareness of eco travelers, but a hands-on approach such as bird watching in the rainforests in Brazil, to hiking in the Nepal mountains with Mountain Monarch, which is a company in Nepal to be safe when hiking the mountains, this will inspire the tourists to be more concerned and aware of environmental issues and be a bit more environmentally conscious way in the future, the tourists don’t want to see the environment damaged, so hopefully they will take better care of it.

    (Canidoit, 2016)



  1. Ecotourism generates money from natural environments by encouraging tourists to visit and during their stay, pay for items like entrance fees, concessions and licenses and then, re-casting the environment as a way for local communities to look after themselves therefore encourages them to take care of it. Eco travelers bring money to tourist attractions and excursions, which creates employment and income for both households and communities in and around national parks and other protected areas.
    Just like Kaikoura Whale watch, tourists come and spend money to go on the cruises to see the amazing sight of whales and other wildlife.



(Wikipedia, 2016)


  1. Eco Tourism also encourages developers to build with more consideration for the natural environment. This means that more natural habitat is preserved and that the resources for building come from sustainable sources.

This benefits people and the environment in different destinations. It can offer a better income to families living in the area, by sourcing products and services locally.
Treetop lodge in Rotorua, New Zealand, is about protecting New Zealand’s forest and wildlife to sustain life on earth.  Treetops has planted selected trees, some 70,000 all together, to ensure a better habitat and a better environment, whilst also protecting the best of what we already have.


(TreetopLodge, n.d)



Canidoit, 2016 Negative and Positive effects on Eco Tourism Retrieved from:

Negative and Positive effects of ECOTOURISM

Wikipedia, 2016 Eco Tourism Retrieved from:

Treetops, n.d Treetops Lodge and Estate, Retrieved from:

MountainMonarch, 2016 Mountain Monarch trekking and climbing Retrieved from:



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Eco Tourism

Eco Tourism is a part of sustainable tourism and its main focus is on flora, fauna and cultural heritage. Ethical tourism is about encouraging tourists to participate in tourism operations that benefit the local communities and the environment in which they are visiting (Travel matters, n.d.). There are many different tourism operations that encourage and incorporate eco-tourism and ethical tourism into their businesses. Some of the positive impacts they are having include creating interest in flora and fauna which in turn encourages efforts of conservation to these areas, creating jobs for locals which puts money back into the local economy and preserving the local culture.

The Goodearth Houseboat is a tourism business that is located in Southern India, it is a locally owned and operated business that has employees who have been selected to work there from poorer communities. The houseboat is made out of local Anjali wood, woven palm and bamboo. The guests get to enjoy and explore unspoiled areas of the Kerala Backwater. This business has positive eco and ethical tourism impacts because they are employing locals and the house boat is a very eco-friendly way of seeing the local flora and fauna. (Village Ways, n.d.)


Rara Avis Rainforest Lodge & Reserve located in Costa Rica was developed in order to preserve the rainforest and save it from destruction whilst still having a positive impact on the local economy. One thing that Rara Avis encourages is exploring the local areas to see the wide range of around 367 bird species. Rara Avis is all about keeping the environment safe and clean and they don’t have electricity at the lodge for this reason (Rara Avis, n.d.).

Nimmo Bay Wilderness Resort is located in the middle of the Great Bear Rainforest in British Columbia, Canada. Nimmo Bay provide clean power through their hydroelectric system and encourage guests to see the local wildlife through their tours. They also have activities that preserve their local culture, for example they provide guided cultural walks and remote village visits. They have a low impact on the surrounding environment and encourage guests to learn the history of the Kwakwaka’wakw people while visiting cultural places. (Nimmo Bay, n.d.)


Nimmo Bay. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://nimmobay.com/

Rara Avis Rainforest Lodge & Reserve. (n.d.). About The Lodge. Retrieved from http://www.rara-avis.com/about_the_lodge.htm

Travel Matters. (n.d.). Ethical Tourism. Retrieved from http://www.travelmatters.co.uk/ethical-tourism/

Village Ways. (n.d.). The Goodearth Houseboat. Retrieved from http://www.travelmatters.co.uk/ethical-tourism/


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Eco Tourism

Ecotourism is a crucial sector of the tourism industry. There are many views and definitions regarding to eco tourism, but one that gained my interest is the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organizations definition, it defines the term broadly as “tourism and recreation that is both nature-based and sustainable.” This enforces that ecotourism emphasizes taking care of the natural environment and often involves local people in the provision of tourist facilities, but has both positive and negative impacts on the community.

(Retrieved from; http://www.fao.org/docrep/w7714e/w7714e06.htm)

The potential positive impacts that are associated with ecotourism could include the economic aspect, the natural environment, the impacts on the community and locals, and location.

Three examples of these positive impacts are evident when looking at Nimmo Bay Resort, Treetops lodge and Kaikoura Whale-watch which are all eco-tourism organisations.

One positive impact that contributes towards both eco and ethical tourism is that it is constantly generating money from natural environments by encouraging tourists to visit and, during their stay, pay for items like entrance fees, concessions and licenses. This is evident at the Kaikoura whale watch. With Kaikoura being located close to Picton it means that many tourists pass through Kaikoura after getting off the ferry. It is a beautiful scenic town with a large tourism community, it is reaching out and targeting tourists internationally and locally.

The continued expansion of ecotourism has created opportunities for income generation and employment, at both the national and local levels.  Additionally, ecotourism has provided greater incentives for natural resource conservation in the form of state-protected areas and private lands.  As a result, natural resource conservation is on the rise.  (Narayan, S 1998.)

Ecotourism has a positive impact on the natural environment in a positive way due to the environment being protected with great care. An example of this is occurring at the Nimmo Bay Resort. Nimmo bay Resort has provided necessary equipment to help protect and keep the natural environment the way it is. Equipment such as using boats and seeing the environment from water rather than walking through numerous species is helping this resort last and continue to provide was it does today.

(Retrieved from; http://nimmobay.com/packages/wilderness-wildlife/)

The impact ecotourism has on the local community that Treetops Lodge is located at is that the community supports to keep the lodge running, it is beautiful and seen as being a huge attraction in their community so they are working on keeping the good reputation up. It has been stated that the involvement of local people in ecotourism allows it to help prevent this “leakage” of tourist income out of the host country through international hotel chains and tour operators.

Reference List:

Narayan, Sujata. “Below the Surface: The Impacts of Ecotourism in Costa Rica.” Course monograph: Population-Environment Dynamics. School of Natural Resources and Environment, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (1998).

Retrieved from http://nimmobay.com/packages/wilderness-wildlife/ on the 22.3.16

Retrieved from; http://www.fao.org/docrep/w7714e/w7714e06.htm) on the 22.03.16

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Ecotourism is defined as the conscientious travel to natural destinations which provides positive impacts for the environment and the lives of local people. (What is Ecotourism, n.d) A leading positive impact of Ecotourism is the protection and conservation on the environment. This includes better use of biological resources including flora and the introduction of effective conservation practises which positively preserves the natural landscapes.

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) strongly supports Ecotourism through assisting the development of nature based tourism activities who use sustainable practises. The USAID supports wildlife parks in areas such as the Mountains of Nepal and the Tropical Forests of Costa Rico by providing sustainable equipment as well as the recruitment and training of employees. (Benefits of ecotourism, n.d) “Eco Tours Rwanda” is a tourism operator which is currently working towards protecting the environment through offering sustainable safari cruises in East Africa. Fragile surrounding areas of East Africa including National Parks, Wetlands, Forests and Cultural Sites are being strongly monitored by Eco Tours Rwanda to ensure a minimal negative impact. (Eco Tours Rwanda, n.d.)

Ethical Tourism defines the benefits for local people, ensuring positive changes in their lifestyles whilst preserving the environment for future generations. (Ethical Tourism, n.d) A strong contribution to Ethical Tourism is the preservation of cultural traditions native to rural areas throughout the world. With a generation so heavily dependent on technology it is important for countries to preserve their cultural history and traditions for future generations. Through their partnership with the Planeterra Foundation, “G Adventures” a tourism operator helped to establish the Women’s Weaving Co-Op. G Adventures has given over 60 local women in Peru the opportunity to produce handmade crafts for travellers, this keeps “Incas Culture Alive.” (Suistanable Tourism, n.d.) Unique cultural traditions also attract tourists to various destination all over the world.

Ecotourism ensures positive economic development of local communities. This includes job opportunities, and revenue received by tourist attractions is then used to develop local communities this is often defined as Ethical Tourism. In a rural town of Belize, Central America lies “Chaa Creek” a tourism operator offering natural and cultural tours of Belize. Chaa Creek has given back to the local community providing 155 local Belizeans employment, developing education and environmental programmes, scholarship programmes for local students and guests are even encouraged to donate materials to the community. Ecotourism ensures economic development for future generations through the preservation of land and higher education opportunities to communities in need. (Conservation, n.d.)

Ecotourism has developed noticeable improvements for the tourism industry, particularly the protection of natural landscapes through implementing sustainable practises and positively improving lives throughout the world.

Emily Mathieson


Benefits of Ecotourism. (n.d.). Retrieved 03 14, 2016, from http://www.untamedpath.com

Conservation. (n.d.). Retrieved 03 16, 16, from Chaa Creek: http://www.chaacreek.com

Eco Tours Rwanda. (n.d.). Retrieved 03 21, 2016, from http://www.ecotoursrwanda.com

Ethical Tourism. (n.d.). Retrieved 03 14, 2016, from http://www.travelmatters.co.uk/ethical-tourism

Suistanable Tourism. (n.d.). Retrieved 03 16, 16, from G Adventures: http://www.gadventures.com

What is Ecotourism. (n.d.). Retrieved 03 14, 2016, from http://www.ecotourism.org/what-is-ecotourism


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