Archive for the ‘Sustainable’ Category

Screen Shot 2016-04-04 at 7.21.01 pm.png


Read Full Post »

Eco Tourism                                                                                                        Claudia Aitken

Eco Tourism is about uniting conservation, communities, and sustainable travel, this means that those who implement, participate in and market eco tourism activities should adopt the following practises.

– Minimize physical, social, behavioural and psychological impacts

(Ecotourism.org, 2014)


Potential positive impacts of eco tourism

There are many different kinds of positive impacts on eco tourism some of them could be the chance for a country to reduce it’s level of poverty, or a way of looking forward, Many people are easily put off by the extra deforestation and development. Eco tourism shows the locals and the government that land can be re claimed and is worth conserving for generations to come. Another potential positive impact of Eco tourism is that it can generate money for the local economy from the surrounding natural landscape.

(benefits of eco tourism, 2016)


3 positive impacts

– Eco tourism generates money from the surrounding natural enviroment by encouraging tourists to visit, pay for entrance fee’s and pay for any extras during their stay (http://traveltips.usatoday.com/, n.d). This impact not only contributes towards eco tourism but also ethical tourism, because if we use the Orokonui Eco sanctuary as an example, they have 307 hectare of coastal Otago forest and rare endangerd species all enclosed inside a predator fence that is helping to protect the flora and fauna, this shows us Eco tourism but the Eco sanctuary also shows us a side of ethical tourism, this is all about getting the balance right between the environment, people and economy. When you go on a tour, you have to walk on a guided path and the animals are allowed to roam free around you, so their welfare isn’t jeoperdised. Orokonui eco sanctuary generate their money through people having to pay admission costs, cafes and gift shops on their premises. (orokonui.nz, n.d)


– Preservation of local culture, this positive impact contributes towards not only eco tourism but also ethical tourism because if we use the museum at the treaty of Waitangi grounds in the Bay Of Islands, they are keeping the local past and present cultural heritage alive for visitors that are coming from far and wide, the museum also has a visitors centre where you can watch audio visual about the story of Waitangi and surrounding areas, there is also live cultural performances. So far as tourists are concerned, the ethical issue is simply not one of whether, there are limits to which the degree of reality can be negotiated, but to get a message across to the tourists about the original treaty of Waitangi (Smith & Duffy, 2003)



– Preservation of the surrounding environment, this positive impact has an effect on eco tourism and ethical tourism by using Nimmo bay resort, in British Colombia, as an example, this resort is built to protect the surrounding natural forest and wildlife habitat because they have maintained an eco friendly approach from the beginning. Nimmo bay also contributes towards ethical tourism as they have got a variety of different cultural and mixed activities on offer for their guests, that don’t involve negative ethical issues and lets the tourists emerse themselves in the culture of the first nations people.

(Nimmobay.com, n.d)




(2012). Retrieved from http://canidoit.org/negative-and-positive-effects-of-ecotourism

Article on Positive and Negative impacts of Eco-tourism in India – General Knowledge Today. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.gktoday.in/blog/eco-tourism-in-india/

Benefits of ecotourism. (2016). Retrieved from http://greenliving.lovetoknow.com/Benefits_of_Ecotourism

The International Ecotourism Society | Uniting Conservation, Communities, and Sustainable Travel. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.ecotourism.org/

Nimmo Bay Resort – Luxury Travel Accommodations BC Canada. (2016). Retrieved from http://nimmobay.com/

Orokonui Ecosanctuary. (2016). Retrieved from http://orokonui.nz/

Positive & Negative Effects of Ecotourism | USA Today. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://traveltips.usatoday.com/positive-negative-effects-ecotourism-63682.html

Power of Place: A Cultural Adventure – Travel Accommodations All Inclusive Resort British Columbia, Canada. (2016). Retrieved from http://nimmobay.com/packages/power-of-place/

Smith, M., & Duffy, R. (2003). The ethics of tourism development. London, England: Routledge.



Read Full Post »

Eco Tourism

Ecotourism typically involves travel to destinations where flora, fauna, and cultural heritage are the primary attractions. Ecotourism is intended to offer tourists insight into the impact of human beings on the environment, and to foster a greater appreciation of our natural habitats.


Some of the positive impacts Eco tourism has:

  1. Promotion of recycling, energy efficiency, water conservation and creation of economic opportunities for local communities. The intended outcome is that participation will not only enhance the awareness of eco travelers, but a hands-on approach such as bird watching in the rainforests in Brazil, to hiking in the Nepal mountains with Mountain Monarch, which is a company in Nepal to be safe when hiking the mountains, this will inspire the tourists to be more concerned and aware of environmental issues and be a bit more environmentally conscious way in the future, the tourists don’t want to see the environment damaged, so hopefully they will take better care of it.

    (Canidoit, 2016)



  1. Ecotourism generates money from natural environments by encouraging tourists to visit and during their stay, pay for items like entrance fees, concessions and licenses and then, re-casting the environment as a way for local communities to look after themselves therefore encourages them to take care of it. Eco travelers bring money to tourist attractions and excursions, which creates employment and income for both households and communities in and around national parks and other protected areas.
    Just like Kaikoura Whale watch, tourists come and spend money to go on the cruises to see the amazing sight of whales and other wildlife.



(Wikipedia, 2016)


  1. Eco Tourism also encourages developers to build with more consideration for the natural environment. This means that more natural habitat is preserved and that the resources for building come from sustainable sources.

This benefits people and the environment in different destinations. It can offer a better income to families living in the area, by sourcing products and services locally.
Treetop lodge in Rotorua, New Zealand, is about protecting New Zealand’s forest and wildlife to sustain life on earth.  Treetops has planted selected trees, some 70,000 all together, to ensure a better habitat and a better environment, whilst also protecting the best of what we already have.


(TreetopLodge, n.d)



Canidoit, 2016 Negative and Positive effects on Eco Tourism Retrieved from:

Negative and Positive effects of ECOTOURISM

Wikipedia, 2016 Eco Tourism Retrieved from:

Treetops, n.d Treetops Lodge and Estate, Retrieved from:

MountainMonarch, 2016 Mountain Monarch trekking and climbing Retrieved from:



Read Full Post »

Great Barrier Reef2The Great Barrier Reef, world heritage site and undeniably one of the most beautiful international marine tourism attractions in existence.

For your assessment activity  you will need to look at the  “Funnel” as representing the transition from a system (Great Barrier Reef) that is unsustainable to one that is sustainable.

Today we used the  Funnel model template in conjunction with your sustainable challenge and we also used a non tourism example “buying a car” as an example (refer to the Facebook page) of how to use the model.

For your assessment the start of the funnel will describe some of the general declining resources eg. global warming (and its affect). While the increasing demand could start with the increasing number of tourists to the area and their need for further resources.


funnel-61Remember if you have any questions during the next week – just use the comment section. The reading I handed out is nicely summarized by one of our past tourism students and will support your findings. You will find this along with other resources on the assessment activity line above.


Read Full Post »

Three sustainable features

  1. Waste Management – Princess cruises

All the wastes that are being produced by the hotel, activities of the guests and crew aboard the ships produce exactly the same amount of waste that is being generated by hotels and resorts worldwide. Princess Cruises have a waste management plan that involves a different level approach being, waste management includes disposing of and minimizing waste, dispose of waste ashore, incinerating waste on board and discharging liquid and food waste, all of these are performed according to the regulations, requirements and laws. Waste facilities on shore are checked out and evaluated before the ship is allowed to offload, the waste facility will take the waste and it will be reused, recycled, incinerated or landfilled. Princess has a zero solid waste discharge policy.

Screen Shot 2016-03-14 at 4.57.30 pm


  1. Power – Celebrity cruises solstice

On board the Solstice they have 216 solar panels that help power the elevators and the 7000 led lights. By updating the lightsand having the solar panels it saved them 50% on energy demands. With having the Solar panels on board it is a more environmentally friendly way of lighting the ship. The solar panels that are installed are glass because they have a longer life out a sea and generate 19.5 kilowatts of power.

Screen Shot 2016-03-14 at 5.00.00 pm


  1. Energy, Water and Fuel saving – Disney cruise line

On Board the Disney cruise line, they have got technology that is able to self adjust tempertures and lighting through out the ship, this is so they can optimise energy efficency. With all the excess heat that is generated in the ships engine boilers, it is re directed to power evapourators that help turn the sea water into drinkable water. When the air conditioning vents on board put out condensation, it is reclaimed and re used to wash the decks with.

Screen Shot 2016-03-14 at 5.00.54 pm


file:///Users/claudiaaitken/Downloads/Carnival_2014SustainabilityReport_Web_F.pdf, N.D
file:///Users/claudiaaitken/Downloads/Celebrity%20Cruises%20-%20Energy%20Efficiencies%20Fact%20Sheet-.pdf, N.D
http://www.cruisecritic.com/articles.cfm?ID=528, (1995 – 2016)


Google images, Princess cruises, N.D
Google images, Celebrity solstice, N.D
Google images, Disney cruise line, N.D

Read Full Post »


Today we will be looking at terms related to Sustainable Tourism and in particular Ecotourism.DSCF0545

The International Ecotourism Society defines ecotourism as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people.”

Rugged landscapes, gorgeous beaches, temperate climate and fascinating animal and plant life make New Zealand’s natural environment attractive to visitors. The great advantage of New Zealand nature is that there are many different landscapes, environments and ecosystems so close to each other – New Zealand is a great eco – destination.

Ecotourism is also described as the ‘conscience of sustainable tourism’ (Weaver 2006). Its main focus is the natural environment – the attraction/activity which takes place in the environment is the secondary focus.

Activities such as whale watching, stargazing, bird watching (penguins), scuba diving, snorkeling, safaris, nature photography…..what else can you think of? However there are some crossovers from Ecotourism to Adventure tourism  3S tourism and Alternative tourism. Soft and hard ecotourism – hard ecotourism is an intense, personal and prolonged encounter with nature. Access to services and facilities is almost non existent and participants are committed to the principles of sustainability. Soft ecotourism is usually short term, mediated interactions with nature and participants commitment to the environment is not as strong. Location – Ecotourism activities are often located in National Parks or associated with natural or undisturbed settings. If you wanted to have a soft ecotourism experience in a 3S tourism location you may choose somewhere like Kenya where you could stay at a coastal resort and participate in a wildlife watching safari activity. This however leads to the question – if large groups of tourists are doing this is it just another form of mass tourism?

While we have been looking at the concept of Ecotourism we should also investigate what constitutes an  Ecotourist, who are different from Alternative Tourists (eg. voluntourists).

Read Full Post »

Tourism Concern began in 1988 by Alison Stancliffe which was originally located in New Castle of the United Kingdom. 3 years later it officially became a formal organization having Tricia Barnett on board as director.  This is a charity which is now based in the United Kingdom, Croydon, South London. The aim of the Tourism Concern Organization, as stated “is to make tourism better by exposing tourism’s worst human rights abuses and campaign against them.” (are, 2016) The organization is an advocate for the local people who rarely have the opportunity to have their say on the effects of tourism in their country. This organization may indicate to others that it’s an organized group that works against tourist, but the organizations message that they try to get across to the world, is they promote tourism that will help the needs of both local and tourist people. One state within the Western side of India named Goa was affected by the actions of tourists. Goa is one of India’s richest state. But unfortunately, there were issues that emerged within tourist and the local people of Goa, so the Tourism Concern organized a partnership with the local communities of Goa. The locals faced issues such as water, the land rights and disrespecting culture with inappropriate behaviors. The Tourism Concern Organization attracts many members and supporters from all over the world, including other organizations that have the same approach such as The Travel Foundation. Tourism Concern is governed by 10 trustees, which is made up of its own members who all are from different sectors such as, tourist industry, human rights and development organizations, academia and education. Their roles are formed around managing the organization. The organization is covered and branched out in many undeveloped countries and developed countries that are in need of getting them pleads heard.

goa(https://www.tourismconcern.org.uk/demand-an-end-to-water-injustice-in-goa/, 2016)




are, W. (2016). Who we are |. Tourismconcern.org.uk. Retrieved 1 March 2016, from https://www.tourismconcern.org.uk/about/who-we-are/

https://www.tourismconcern.org.uk/demand-an-end-to-water-injustice-in-goa/. (2016).



Read Full Post »

Older Posts »